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|| Hinduism Q & A ||
12-22-2009, 10:32 PM (This post was last modified: 12-22-2009 11:17 PM by wisdom007.)
Post: #1
|| Hinduism Q & A ||
This Thread is for Questions & Answers regarding Hinduism aka Sanatana Dharma ..

[Image: revolvingOM.gif]
What is Hinduism?

Hinduism, more accurately referred to as Sanatana Dharma, is said to have originated in the Indian sub-continent over 5000 years ago. The term Hindu was a misnomer used for the people who lived beyond the Sindhu River, and eventually the term Hinduism was coined to denote the Hindu residents of theIndian sub-continent.

Sanatana literally means eternal, that which has no beginning or end. Therefore,by definition, it is beyond the constraints of time, and that is why it is said to bethe oldest living religion in the world.
Dharma, translated as religion, righteousness or duty, is a word that is difficult to translate in English or any other language. It is all that and more.Etymologically it is derived from the Sanskrit root dhṛ, which means to uphold.

Dharma points to the essential Truth which supports life as we know it. At thesame time, it is also shows us the path of righteousness to reach the goal. That is why Sanatana Dharma is referred to as “a way of life”.
Who is the founder of Hindu religion?

As is evident from an understanding of the literal meaning of Sanatana Dharma,it is clear that it cannot be said to have a founder. That which is timeless cannot have a beginning or end. Over the ages there have been several teachers and scholars who have expounded on the timeless Truth in their own way, but none can be said to be the founder.

Dharma [real religion] is given by God himself – dharman tu saksat bhagavat pranitam. Real religion is not man-made. Dharma is the knowledge and activities of the intrinsic relationship that exists between God and all living entities eternally. This is sometimes called sanatana-dharma, eternal religious principles.

Dharma is rooted in transcendental knowledge of the soul [atma], the Supersoul [Paramatma] and the Personality of Godhead [Bhagavan].

Vedas are called Apaurusheya meaning ‘NOT of human origin’, and only the contents of which were directly revealed to man.

The very meaning of the word “veda” is knowledge, complete knowledge. The root word is “vid” which means ‘to know’ or ‘knowledge’ in Sanskrit.It refers to the universal knowledge which is timeless and eternal.

What is the aim of Hindu religion?

The aim of the Hindu religion is Self-realization (Atma-jnana) by each individual (jiva): to seek the Truth, to know the Truth, to be the Truth, to be a liberated soul (jivanamukta) here and now.

These are some of the fundamental beliefs that define a Hindu:

1. Hindus believe in the existence of a supreme all-pervasive Being, who is both immanent and transcendent, both Creator and Unmanifest Reality.

2. Hindus accept the Vedas as the absolute scriptural authority.

3. Hindus believe in a code of ethics based on 4 pillars of righteous living as defined in Shrimad Bhagavatam: austerity (tapaḥ), purity (shaucham),compassion (daya), and truthfulness (satyam).

4. Hindus believe in a prescribed method of living, with regard to its
objectives, stages and milestones of life.

5. Hindus believe in specific tenets such as the law of cause and effect
(karma), the theory of reincarnation (punarjanma), and the incarnation of the supreme Lord into the world (avatara).

6. Hindus have prescribed methods of offering worship to the Lord.

What is the Hindu concept of God?

Before answering this question, it must be unequivocally clarified that for
Hindus “God” is not a concept because a concept is a product of the intellect and God is beyond the limitations of the intellect. Having understood that, let us now try to understand who or what God is for the Hindus! From theabsolute standpoint, God or the Supreme Being is beyond the plane ofphysical existence (transcendent), yet within it (immanent), simultaneouslysurpassing and pervading it.

In the ancient Vedic scriptures, the Supreme Being is referred to as
Brahman, not to be confused with brahmaṇa (knower of Brahman) or Brahma(the Creator). This supreme, eternal, all-pervading, all-knowing, all-powerful,genderless, nameless, changeless substratum supports the entire world ofrelativity that is ever changing. He is the Creator, the process of creation andthe created, without whom the multiplicity of the names and forms ceases toexist, but who exists independent of them. He is beyond the concepts of timeand space. His attributes are absolute existence (sat), absolute knowledge(chit), and absolute bliss (ananda).

With respect to creation, Hinduism also refers to the Supreme Being as
Ishvara, the Trinity of Brahma (the Creator), Vishṇu (the Sustainer),Shiva(the Dissolver). Besides these three, there are references to a multiplicity of other forms of God, which leads to the mistaken belief that Hindus worship many gods.

It is important to note that Hindus are not polytheistic. The Supreme is “one without a second”, He can be worshipped as formless or in any form that the devotee’s heart desires. God is One, but His forms are
infinite. In the interest of simplicity, the masculine gender will be used to refer to the Supreme Being.
(Q & A Collected From Various Sources Including Books) ...

What is the Hindu code of ethics?

Hindus believe in a code of ethics based on 4 pillars of righteous living as
defined in Shrimad Bhagavatam. These 4 pillars form the foundation of
values that can be considered as “commandments”, if you will, for the Hindu

way of righteous living:

 Austerity (tapaḥ): Outer and inner self-control of the sense organs,
organs of action, the mind and intellect.

 Purity (shaucham): Outer cleanliness and purity of the inner
equipment of the mind and intellect.

 Compassion (daya): Love and show compassion and reverence to all
life forms because they are the manifestation of the one Supreme
Being. This is the basis for ahimsa, which is more than what is
understood as physical non-violence. It is not just abstaining from
physical violence, but understanding that violence arises at the level
of the mind before it can be expressed it words or deeds. It is not a
passive “turning of the cheek”, but standing up for one’s beliefs
without resorting to violence.

 Truthfulness (satyam): In one of the Upanishad-s there is a
categorical statement, with no qualification that tells us to speak the
truth (satyam vada). At the same time, speaking the truth must pass
the twin gateways of being necessary and kind.

Mahaṛshi Patanjali, the great exponent of Raja Yoga, recommends that ten virtues should be practiced by all men. The first five can be considered as principles of self-restraint (yama): non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness(satya), celibacy in thought, word and deed (brahmacharya), non-stealing(asteya), and non-covetousness (aparigṛaha).

The other five virtues are religious observances (niyama): internal and external purity (shaucha),contentment (santosha), austerity (tapas), study of scriptures (svadhyaya)and surrender to the Lord (Ishvara-praṇidhana).

The development of these values is indispensable for the spiritual seeker.
Knowledge and practice of the truthful and righteous way of living, will lead tothe purity and fearlessness that is a prerequisite to the absolute bliss of Selfrealization.
What is the “Hindu” way of life?

Hindus believe that life has a distinct purpose with a definite structure. In order to achieve this purpose, a specific blueprint that covers the objectives,stages of life and milestones has been clearly defined.

i. Objectives of life:

[Image: reincarnation.jpg]

 Dharma (righteous living): Following the path of righteousness in
all pursuits. Hinduism is not a religion to be practiced only on the
weekend. The spiritual and the secular are not two separate paths.
It is important to note that dharma is mentioned as the first
objective because observance of dharma must guide all activities in
the secular world also.

 Artha (material prosperity): Acquiring the material wealth for
meeting our basic needs and security is recognized as a valid and
legitimate pursuit as long as it is done within the boundaries of
righteous living.

 Kama (enjoyment): Fulfillment of desire and enjoyment of the
Lord’s glorious creation should be done at the right place and the
right time, within prescribed limits.

 Moksha (liberation): The ultimate goal of human life is to gain
freedom from the misery caused by the cycle of pleasure and pain,
birth and death.

ii. Stages of life:

 Brahmacharya ashrama (student life): In order to achieve the 4
objectives of life, each individual should spend the first 25 years of
life as a student, honing the spiritual and secular skills necessary
success in the later stages of life. The emphasis is on self-control
and learning the principles of dharma.

 Gṛhsta ashrama (family life): The student completes his education,
and he settles down in both his family and professional life. This is
the stage wherein one carries out one’s obligatory duties to the
family, society and the nation. In order to do this, material
prosperity and the enjoying the pleasures of family life within the
framework of righteous living are to be achieved.

 Vanaprastha ashrama (retirement): After leading a rich and
fulfilling life in the world, it is now time to slow down, both
personally and professionally. This is the third stage of life,
traditionally spent in the forest (vana), a time to introspect, detach
and prepare for the final stage and objective of life.

 Sannyasa (liberation): The fourth and final stage of life, wherein
the detachment should be complete and liberation from all the
cycle of birth and death (moksha) is achieved by the individual.
What are some of the tenets believed by Hindus?

i. The Law of Cause and Effect (karma):

The Sanskrit word karma literally means action or deed, which covers the
spectrum of action starting with the intent and ending with the physical
manifestation in speech or action. The law of karma states that we are the creators of our own destiny, “as we sow, so shall we reap”. Our destiny, if you will, is a result of our past actions that were done by us in this birth or past births. If this was all, then we would all be in caught in a trap with no hope for escape. That is not so. Karma is causality, not destiny. We are not hopelessly and helplessly caught in the web of destiny. The conscious choices and resulting actions in the present contain the seeds for thefuture. This law gives rise to the highest form of individual responsibility.

ii. Reincarnation (punarjanma):

Reincarnation is the natural process of birth, death and rebirth. At death
we drop off the physical body and continue evolving in the inner worlds in our subtle bodies, until we again take birth in a different physical body.

We are not the body in which we live, but the immortal soul which
inhabits many bodies in its evolutionary journey through the cycle of life.
Reincarnation is also tied to the concept of karma since the effects of
karma can span many lives. This provides us with the only logical
explanation of individual differences, without which it would be hard to
explain why two children of the same parents are different – one is in
perfect health and another is physically challenged.

The process of reincarnation ceases when all our actions have been
resolved. This is the highest state of liberation or moksha.

iii. Incarnation (avatara):

In Sanskrit, the word avatara is derived from a word that literally means
“coming down” and denotes the descent of the Supreme in any form into
the world for a specific purpose. In Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna
assures us that He manifests Himself whenever there is a decline of
righteousness for the destruction of evil and the protection of the good,
and the re-establishment of the righteous way of living in the world.
It has been stated in Shrimad Bhagavatam that there have been countless incarnations of the Lord. Lord Rama and Lord Krishna are two of the very well-known incarnations of Lord Vishṇu It is also important to note that allthe incarnations are worshipped as divine manifestations of the Supreme Lord.

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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12-22-2009, 11:56 PM (This post was last modified: 12-23-2009 12:28 AM by wisdom007.)
Post: #2
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
What is meant by the symbol (OM)?

[Image: aum.jpg]

Om represents the primordial and powerful sound symbol of the Supreme
Being, present at the creation of the universe, the original sound that
contains all other sounds, all words, all languages and all mantras (a
series of sounds that can both protect and transform). It consists of 3
syllables: A-U-M. The mouth is open when we pronounce “A”, partially
closed when we pronounce “U”, and totally closed when pronouncing “M”.

So the 3 syllables A-U-M cover the whole spectrum of sound.
These 3 syllables represent the three states of experience: waking,
dream, and deep sleep. Beyond these 3 states represented by these 3
syllables is the fourth state (turiya avastha), which corresponds to the
silence that follows after the chanting of AUM, which is the substratum of the other three states. It is called praṇava, a Sanskrit word which means both controller of life force (prana) and life-giver (infuser of prana). It is chanted at the beginning of all prayers and rituals, and is an aid to concentration and contemplation.

Om means "That which hath No Beginning nor End". The chanting of Om and meditation on the symbol are believed to bring health, prosperity, and longevity to the spiritual aspirant.

Om is a vast and subtle subject. For further study, please refer to
Mandukya Upanishad.

What is the significance of svastika in the Hindu religion?

[Image: swastika_lead_wideweb__470x289,0.jpg]

The svastika is a symbol of auspiciousness in the Hindu religion, not to be confused with the Nazi swastika which has different design and meaning.

The word is derived from a Sanskrit word which literally means “wellbeing”.

The four lines of the svastika emanate from the center in the four
cardinal directions, and represent the changing world supported on the
substratum of an eternal, unchanging center.
What is meant by the traditional Hindu greeting: namaskara or
namaste?


[Image: Namaste-Kids.jpg]

The traditional Hindu greeting of namaskaram or namaste is done by
reverently joining the palms at the chest and bowing the head. In
Sanskrit, the word namaste means, “I bow to you”, acknowledging the
presence of divinity in all beings.

What are the marks worn on the forehead by Hindus?

The marks worn on the forehead by Hindu men and women are a mark of
auspiciousness. The materials used are sandalwood paste, sacred ashes or a red turmeric powder called kumkuma. The different sects apply the
sacred marks (tilaka) in different shapes with different materials, but the
significance is the same. The application is done at a point between the
eyebrows, where the spiritual eye of intuition is located. It is done as a
reminder to the seeker of his ultimate goal of Self-realization.

The application of tilaka is also done as a reminder of vows. The most
popular is the red bindi applied by married Hindu women as a symbol of
their wedding vows.


Kum Kum

[Image: 2230466953_2e5e4e60a5.jpg]

Vaishnava Tilak (Mark)

[Image: tilak.jpg]

Video How to Put on Tilak
- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WvqCXE4O0_A

[Image: satya_subramaniam.jpg]

Three parallel horizontal lines drawn using ash on the forehead of Shiva devotees is known as the Tripundra.
[Image: Brahmacharya1_10117.jpg]

There are 8 types of worship according to Sanathana Dharma
shastra.. Every Hindu should know what is meant by worship through these eight steps which are literally followed in our prayer .

1. Sravanam : Listening to good keerthans, manthras, prayer, naama
japa, listening to stories of puranaas which are known as sravana –
listening ( remember your ears)

2. Darsanam : Seeing the picture of divine power, nature, all
living and non living being realizing that the divine power exist in
each and everything. Pilgrimage to temple, visiting great scholars and
great avathaaras who have devoted their whole life for human
welfare and also seeing all the divine people who came to the earth for
serving the people and god’s creations. This is darsanam (
remember your eyes)

3. Keerthanam : Chanting manthras, keethanas, namaas, telling stories,
giving upadesas, guiding people, appreciating good actions, and
satkarmaas, are all known as keerthanas ( Remember your tongue)

4. Smaranam: Remembering the divine power and the guiding force
existing in all the 1.6 million type of animals, 4 lakhs type of
plants 80,000 type of trees and one million types of micro organisms.
Remembering that we are only the tools in the hands of the divine
power. Remembering that every second, we are under the guidance of the divine power. That is smarana ( remember your mind)

5. Archanam : offering the flowers, manthras, fruits, leaves, etc (
whatever you have a part of that) to god is archana. Even thinking
that you are doing archana is also archana

6. Vandanam : Bowing the head, saluting and doing the namaskaara to
the divine power/ god and elders, scholars, gurus, parents, athithies.
All these include in vandana ( Remember your hands)

7. Sevanam : Serving the deserving people, animals and all living
beings as your own family members and implementing the applied
spirituality principles of Lokaa: samasthaa: sukhino Bhavanthu . Serving
the aged, orphans, sick, people and animals. Nara seva is narayana
seva says our Rishies ( Remember all your karmendriyaas)

8. Samarpanam: What ever we have as our own, offer a part of that to
the deserving people that is samarpanam. Samarpanam has to be done
with a good intention and selfless vision. In India we have
annadaanam, vastra daanam, netra daanam, bhoo daanam, koopa daanam, raktha daanam, and so on. All theseare samarpanam to god itself.

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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12-24-2009, 09:39 AM (This post was last modified: 12-24-2009 09:40 AM by wisdom007.)
Post: #3
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
What Is Karma ?

[img][Image: karma-animalnature.jpg][/img]

Do you have the answers to the following questions?


Why are some born healthy and some with severe health problems?


Why do some people suffer more than others?


Why do some people live a good life and some a miserable one?


Why is life full of ups and downs? One day we are happy, another day we are sad


Why do some people die from diseases like cancer and some naturally?


Why are some people born more fortunate than others?


Why is there a difference between each person's lives?


Why do some children suffer from birth and die at very young age?


Sanatan Dharma is the only religion which can answer all of the above questions, and with complete satisfaction.

A Christian woman went to a Christian preacher and asked him why her young son had died at a young age. The Christian preacher could not give her an answer. She found the answer to her satisfaction in the Bhagavad-Gita.

The answers to all the above questions is:

The Law of Karma

For every action you take there will be a reaction in the future. This is the law of Karma.

Whatever activity we do, good or bad, brings us good or bad reactions. For every action you take, you will face a reaction in the future, which could be a few seconds away or 20 years away or your next incarnation. If you take good actions, you will face good reactions. This may come in the form of good health, wealth or birth on higher planets etc. If you take bad actions, you will face bad reactions in the future. The bad reactions may come in the form of disease, poverty or birth on one of the hellish planets etc.

When we suffer, we are facing the bad reactions to our bad actions taken in the past.

Our actions include everything we do, including our physical deeds, our words and thoughts. There will be a reaction to all our actions.

Taking good actions builds our good karma (joy and happiness in the future).

Taking bad actions builds our bad karma (disease and suffering in the future).

Actions, which result in bad Karma: Eating meat, violence, ignorance, harshness, untruthfulness, lust, anger, greed, attachments, desires, gambling, ego, and alcohol.

Actions, which build good Karma: Vegetarianism, non-violence, generosity, charity, self-control, truthfulness, simplicity, forgiveness, religiousness, and cleanliness. Free from attachments, desires and ego.
Your destiny is in your own hands. You are held responsible for all your actions.

The reason why some people suffer more than others is that they sinned more than others in their past and thus they are now facing the bad reactions to the bad actions taken in their past.

The reason why some good people suffer all their life is because although they are now good. They still suffer because they are now facing the bad reactions to the bad actions taken in their previous lives. But because they are now taking good actions they will face good reactions (be happy) in their next life.

The reason why some really rotten people enjoy a good life despite being rotten, is that they are now facing the good reactions to the good actions they took in their previous lives. However, because they are taking bad actions now (being rotten), they will face bad reactions in the future (suffer).

God does not make one happy for no reason nor does God make one suffer for no reason. Karma is a very just law.

If a person takes good actions in life and thus builds good karma, he or she will be born into a better life in the next incarnation. A sinner who leads an immoral life may be born as a poor person or as an animal in the next incarnation. A person is born again and again to reap the fruits of his or her own actions. This cycle of birth and death continues until the person attains moksha or freedom from the cycle of birth and death. Moksha can be achieved through Krishna consciousness.

Karma and the Human Law and Order System.

Why do we have the police, judges, courts and jails? We have a system of Law and Order in each and every country, which makes us responsible for our actions. If we break the Law, we are arrested, taken to court and the Judge decides on the punishment we receive, which will be in proportion to the crime committed, then sent to jail, punishment for our crimes.

Without the Law and Order system that we have, without the police enforcing the law, life would be pure hell. People would go round killing, looting, stealing, raping and vandalizing property. Simply because people, would not be held responsible for their actions.

Without the Law and Order system there would be no peace and justice in the world.

We have the human Law and Order System in every country and the citizens of each country are held responsible for the actions they take; those who break the law are punished.

Just as we have the Human Law and Order system. God has a Law and Order system, the Law of Karma. We are held responsible for all our actions. The differences between the human system and God's system are:


With Karma, we are responsible for all our actions, including words and thoughts.


With Karma, there is no escape; you will face reactions to each and every action you take in the future, that is guaranteed. With the human system, some people do get away with murder and other crimes.


With Karma, we are punished for our bad actions and rewarded for good actions, in the human system we are punished if we are caught breaking the law, but we are not rewarded for abiding by the laws.


If you accept that we cannot live peacefully and be treated fairly without the human system of Law and Order, then you must accept that God also has a Law and Order system, the Law of Karma.

Sanatan Dharma is the only religion, which preaches the Law of Karma as this knowledge comes from God and man.

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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12-26-2009, 04:07 AM (This post was last modified: 12-26-2009 04:18 AM by wisdom007.)
Post: #4
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
Hinduism and Nature

[Image: pad_301009_tulsi4.jpg]

http://www.hindu-blog.com/2008/04/hindui...h-day.html
How is the caste system related to Hinduism?

[Image: DVAD.jpg]

The caste system was an important part of the Hindu way of life. During the Vedic age a social classification system called "Varnashrama" was devised so that the human race could have a smooth and ordered life in society.

The system created the castes of Brahmins, the intellectual class, Kshatriyas, the warrior class, Vaishyas, the trader class and Shudras, the service people. Don't you see that every society has a need for teachers and/or preachers, defense, trade and commerce, and service even today? Our forefathers realized this need for order in society even then. Of course, the original concept of social order has been abused over the ages into its present mutilated form. The original caste system also supported the moving of individuals from one caste to another based on one's actions and performance in society.

What we consider today as the caste system is originally the ancient
division of all human beings based on their aptitude. This was called var
ṇa,which literally means color. Based on the “color” of their skill set and
talents, people were classified as workers, business people, rulers, law
enforcers, lawmakers and priests. These classifications were not
determined by birth, and allowed movement form one caste to the other.
For example, the Ramayaṇa was composed by Sage Valmiki, who was
once a low-caste robber.

shudra-s or workers and artisans like the agricultural workers, service providers, cobblers etc.caste is based on of their actions not their birth.

As with any system, over time, the skills and aptitude based system, and
exclusion of criminals became a rigid hereditary hierarchy. This distortion
was a result of certain social practices and taboos gaining acceptance over time and countless invasions by foreign civilizations. It should be
emphasized that there is no basis for a discriminatory caste system in
ancient Hindu scriptures. Vedic and non-Vedic scriptures advance the
concept of equality of all mankind.
What is Mantra?

[Image: GayatriMantra196-full.jpg]

A mantra is an embodiment in sound of a particular Devata.
It is not a mere formula. Nor is it a magic spell. It is the Devata Himself or Herself. And so, when a mantra is repeated with concentration of mind and the worshipper makes an effort to identify him with the worshipped, the power of the Devata comes to his help. Human power is thus. Supplemented by the divine power. A prayer is different from the re petition of a mantra. It is a purely human effort. Prayers may be offered in any language and in any form.

But a mantra, being an embodiment of a Devata in sound, has to be repeated in that form alone in which it first revealed itself to the mind of a Rishi. It is not to be learnt from books, but from the living voice of a Guru who gives the Upadesa or initiation. And it has for its aim the gradual trans- formation of the worshipper into the like ness of the worshipped. Therefore the more worshipper advances in his/her japa the less is he himself/ she herself and more does she/he partake of the nature and wield the powers of the Devata.

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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12-29-2009, 02:04 AM (This post was last modified: 12-29-2009 02:32 AM by wisdom007.)
Post: #5
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
Bhakti or Devotion

In Hinduism there are five + one type of bhakti (devotion + love +
affection + respect ) towards the divine power/ god. This is unique
Hindu approach. Just like the relations among human beings, the
relation with the divine power/ god has also been defined very well.

In the Semitic religion, the feeling towards god is ‘fear’. Hence , it is said that ‘the godfearing people’ are those who are afraid of god. In Hinduism, thedivine relation is not through fear complex but through bhakti.

As mentioned above it is a mixture of many feelings. As you know there
are different types of human relations like the relations between
servant – master, among friends, parent – children, student – teacher,etc.

In sanaathana dharma these relations are simply translated into the
relation between god/eeswara and bhakthas ( devotees). This relation
can be classified under five + one category. The five are positive
and the sixth one is negative ( finally it also leads to positive).
Given below are these type of bhakti. Our relation with the
god/divine power can be any one of the following, or even a mixture of these.
Saantha bhaava bhakti(unruffled feeling): The devotion in which the god and devotee are approaching a saantha bhava. Bhishma, Vidura, Dronachaarya,Dharmaputra had saantha bhava bhakti towards Lord Krishna. Vasishta had the same bhakti towards Sri Rama.

[Image: Krishna-Arjuna.jpg]

Sakhya bhaava bhakti (friendly): Devotional relation similar to that of friends.Arjuna and Uddhava, towards Krishna, Sugreeva and Vibheeshana towards Sri Rama, had this bhakti.


[Image: ysk.jpg]

Valsalya bhaava bhakti (tender affection):Here the Devotee loves God not as our Father/Mother but God as his/her Child. Father and mother never feel reverence for their child; instead they love their child more than anything in this world. Yasoda, Nandagopa, Kunti, all had this vaatsalya bhava bhkati towards Krishna particularly at earlier stages.Thyaagaraja, Viswamitra , Thulasidasa, had this type of devotion towards Sri. Rama.
[Image: radha-krishna.jpg]

Maadhurya bhaava bhakti:The devotee regards the Lord as his Lover. This was the relation between Radha and Krishna. This is Atma-Samarpana. The lover and the beloved become one. It is the sweet bhakti like, Gopikas and Meera had maadhurya bhaava bhakti with Lord Krishna.

[Image: sri-ram-blessing-hanuman.jpg]

Daasya bhaava bhakti: The bhakti in which god is the master and thedevotee is the servant. This is the bhakti that Hanuman had with
Sri. Rama. Partly Sudhaama/ kuchela had this bhakti ( + partly sakhya
bhaava) towards Krishna.

[Image: vwoma.jpg]

Satru bhaava bhakti: This is considered as a negative approach of
doing/thinking/propagating/against divine power . God is considered
here as enemy. But still the name and thought is always there in the mind of the person, which leads indirectly to positive . Raavana and Rama,Kamsa and Krishna, Hiranyakashipu and Narasimhaavataara, These
relation finally resulted in the merger of the soul (asura/ human) to the
divine power itself even though, it was through killing which is nothing
but giving Moksha from the earthly life. The soul was not thrown to the
hell for fighting against Rama/ Krishna/ Narasimhavataara/etc.

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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01-02-2010, 03:07 AM
Post: #6
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
[Image: shankaracharya.jpg]

What is Vedanta ?

Vedanta is a philosophy taught by the Vedas, the most ancient scriptures of India. Its basic teaching is that our real nature is divine. God is our innermost Self, an underlying reality that exists in every being. Religion is therefore a search for Self, a search for God within. We don't need to be "saved." At worst, we are unaware of our true nature.

[Image: vivekananda.jpg]

Swami Vivekananda say :

"Children of Immortal Bliss , what a sweet, what a hopeful name. Allow me to call you, brethren, by that sweet name, heirs of immortal bliss. The Hindu refuses to call you sinners. You are the children of God, holy and perfect beings. Sinners? It is a sin to call a person so. It is a standing libel on human nature. Come up, O lions, and shake off the delusion that you are sheep. You are souls immortal, spirits free, blessed and eternal."

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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01-07-2010, 10:35 AM
Post: #7
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
i know this may seem as a dumb question but why blue?
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01-08-2010, 06:39 AM
Post: #8
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
I have been to India few time with my father and even though I am Christian I am very impressed with the Hindu religion after I had an encounter with some Hindu priests in India. I got to learn a lot about Hindu mythology. I just keep searching for more. I read the posts here and it appears to be even more interesting. Thanks to all the contributers it was indeed some good learning that I received from here.
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07-14-2010, 11:37 AM (This post was last modified: 07-14-2010 11:56 AM by wisdom007.)
Post: #9
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
HOW OLD IS HINDUISM AND HINDU LITERATURE ?

Hinduism is the oldest of all religions. Since it was not propounded by an individual, it is the aggregation of the dharmic thoughts of many sages / Rushies. So who has contributed to these thoughts for the first time cannot be clearly declared. If at all one venture to say that it is Veda Vyasa, Vasishta…or Agastya, we cannot say with a proof, who has contributed for the first time for these bunch of thoughts of Hindu dharma. Interestingly, our Rushies, who wrote Vedas, Upanishads, itihasaas, puraanas, upavedas, were focusing mainly in conveying the subject / knowledge / message /… they never tried to focus WHEN they lived and when did they write/ gave / taught these messages.

The historical facts were not crucial for learning the absolute knowledge of life. That may be the reason why they focused only on the knowledge even without mentioning their names, in any place. (However for the astronomy / mathematics / chemistry books written for the last 2,000 years the authors have clearly mentioned the date of composing, their date or the date of birth of their teachers because those data are important)

WESTERN APPROACH VIEWSON THE DATE OF VEDAS
. One should very clearly understand that the western scientists, historians, archeologists will never give the credit of Indian culture beyond 2500 BC, mainly because according to Bible, the God created Adam and Eve on 12th October, 4.00 pm on 4012 BC (or so). So according to their calculation human beings cannot exist before that. Based on this biased / false/ non scientific notion they calculated the historical facts on Hindu culture.

They also had a European superiority complex which prevented them to give credit to Indian culture (as the most ancient). They wanted and always tried (even now) to project Greek, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, and so on as the oldest. However after 1947, Many great Indian and foreign unbiased scholars have proven that the first artifact of human made copper and copper items could be excavated from Kalibangan, Bhagavan pura and so on from 8275 +/- 100 BC. Perhaps we can say the archeological evidence of Indian culture starts from this point, even though Dayananda Sarasathy, Balagangadhara Tilak, and many great Indian scholars and few western scholars have put the period from 10,000 to 50,000 yrs.

YUGA CONCEPT OF HINDU DHARMA

According to the Yuga concept, Kali yuga has 4,32,000 yrs, dwaaparayuga 4,32,000 x 2 threthaayuga is 4,32,000 x 3 yrs , Krutha yuga is 4,32,000 x 4 yrs. The present mahayuga is the 28th Mahayuga of the Vaivaswatha manvanthara which is the 6th manwanthara out of 14. If we calculated the first day from the the first Manswanthara onwards, it will come to 2990 million yrs. (which in modern science is known as archesoic era) If Ramayana was written in Thretha yuga and Mahabharatha in dwapara yuga, just calculate the period……… the credibility of the period based on astronomical parameters given as above is left to the readers. That means Hindu dharma has a heritage of lakhs of yrs.

How ever based on the present archeological evidences Hindu dharma is minimum 10,000 old. Any one would like to fix it further back, with proof he can correct and teach the students. We can definitely say Islam is 1300 yrs, Christianity 200 yrs, Jews of 3000 yrs or so and Hindu dharma is minimum 10,000 yrs. The Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc are part of Hindu dharma and hence their age need not be discussed here.

[Image: Yugas.jpg]

(01-07-2010 10:35 AM)rena Wrote:  i know this may seem as a dumb question but why blue?

Hindu religion is full of symbolisms and the blue color is also a symbol.

Blue is the color of the infinite. All Hindu gods are an attempt by the human mind to give form to the formless Brahman (God). The color blues symbolizes immeasurable and all pervading reality – formless Brahman.

whatever is immeasurable can appear to the mortal eye only as blue; thus the cloudless summer sky is blue to us because the endless distance of space is interpreted by the physical eye as blue in color.

The blue color thus teaches us that what appears as Lord Vishnu, Krishna and Shiva is the all pervading reality. Brahman (the Supreme Reality) takes a particular form to satisfy the human mind.

Known.... is drop...Unknown... is an ocean.. || Om Namah Shivaya ||
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02-16-2011, 03:51 AM
Post: #10
RE: || Hinduism Q & A ||
Such a useful post, containing in-depth information about the hindu religion.

I hear that Hindus recognize three possible paths to salvation. The first is Karma Yoga, second one is Jnana Yoga and the last is Bhakti Yoga.

Can you just tell me more information on these.

Thanks in advance!
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